To date, there is no international agreement to define child labor.
The fourth type of work falls under the category of hazardous, as defined by national Page Share Cite Suggested Citation:"6 Child Labor.
The main cause of child labor is the lack of schools and poverty. Countries that set higher or more ambitious standards for themselves may appear to be making less progress than countries that set lower standards.
Sociocultural aspects such as the cast system, discrimination, and cultural biases against girls contribute to child labor. The worst forms of child labour Slavery and similar issues such as the trafficking of children, debt bondage, serfdom, children in armed conflict: Slavery is where one person is owned by and made to work for another person without having any say over what happens to them.
Children who were born in urban areas often found themselves working for street vendors, washing cars, helping in construction sites, weaving clothing, and sometimes even working as exotic dancers.
While poverty and unavailability of good schools explain the child labour supply side, they suggest that the growth of low-paying informal economy rather than higher paying formal economy is amongst the causes of the demand side.
Socioeconomic disparities and lack of access to education are among others contributing to the child labor. Although some countries establish universal primary education as an explicit goal in their constitutions, this goal is often difficult to achieve.
However, while history clearly shows a correlation between laws and enforcement restricting child labor and requiring compulsory schooling and actual declines in the number of children working, the causes of those declines has been long debated.
Macroeconomic factors also encourage child labor by the growth of low pay informal economy. Campaign and advocacy The worst forms of child labour Convention No. Krolikowski found that Christian children were the least likely to work, while Muslim children, children with no religion, and children affiliated with a traditional African religion were more likely to work than Christians.